Researchers Discover a Gynandromorph, a Rare Songbird that Is Male on One Side of Its Body, and Female on the Other

Researchers have discovered a gynandromorph, a rare songbird that is male on one side of its body, and female on the other.

According to CNN, “It’s being described as a ‘once in a lifetime’ discovery. The last time the Powdermill Nature Reserve at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History found another was 15 years ago, and it’s only the fifth to be discovered out of the nearly 800,000 birds that the nature reserve has seen.”

What happens to a bird like this when it’s discovered?
The bird was identified as a Rose-breasted Grosbeak. Male and female Grosbeaks are distinguished by their color: males have pink “wing pits,” while females are yellow-brown. The sides of this bird’s body were different colors.  This genetic variation is known as gynandromorphism (“gyne” is Greek for female; “andro” means male, and “morph” means variety).
Due to its rarity, scientists don’t know much about how gynandromorphism affects the bird’s life. “There probably aren’t any advantages to it,” Lindsay said. “It will definitely impact its ability to mate. We don’t know if that female side has a functional ovary. If it does, and it is able to attract a male mate, it could reproduce.”
What Causes this to occur?
Gynandromorphy isn’t uncommon. It occurs in species of spiders, crustaceans and even chickens. It’s the result of a genetic error when an unfertilized egg with two nuclei. fuses with sperm, and produces an embryo with both male and female cells. Here’s a good explainer on how it happens. Lindsay was able to take feather samples of this songbird, which the nature reserve plans to use for a genetic analysis to see what else they can find out about it.
More information can be found about on the nature preserve’s website.